• Part of
    Ubiquity Network logo
    Join mailing list Press Brochure

    Read Chapter
  • No readable formats available
  • Reading and notetaking: combining sources

    Doug Specht

    Chapter from the book: Specht, D. 2019. The Media and Communications Study Skills Student Guide.


    The author looks further at ways of reading, how to combine information and how to synthesize reading to create complex and interesting essays. Being able to synthesize is vital to realizing really good academic writing. It is a skill that takes practice but going through a step-by-step process improves students writing. The six steps and skills of previewing, annotating, outlining, summarizing and analysing, looking for repetitions and patterns, contextualizing and comparing and contrasting are presented in detail. From here with the student’s notes finished, the process of converting notes into essays is outlined. Three basic ways to present in essay form, information embedded in notes, are mentioned: summarizing, paraphrasing and synthesizing. Contrasting ideas and similar ideas may be synthesized; examples of each approach are given. Quotes are used to support key ideas. The chapter concludes with an example of ideas synthesized in a paragraph whilst referring back to the skills of chapter 4 and the use of paragraph structures as an important building block of writing excellence.

    Chapter Metrics:

    How to cite this chapter
    Specht, D. 2019. Reading and notetaking: combining sources. In: Specht, D, The Media and Communications Study Skills Student Guide. London: University of Westminster Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.16997/book42.h

    This chapter distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution + Noncommercial + NoDerivatives 4.0 license. Copyright is retained by the author(s)

    Peer Review Information

    This book has been peer reviewed. See our Peer Review Policies for more information.

    Additional Information

    Published on Nov. 25, 2019